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NYS Penal Law Article 35
Use of Force

We live in a complex and dynamic world.  The reality is no matter how situationally aware we are, we may find ourselves the subject of a violent encounter.  Armed with only a firearm or other defensive weapon is a recipe for criminal charges and civil liability. 


In the last four to five years, there has been a significant increase in the amount of people who have sought and obtained their firearm license, and prior to September 1, 2022 New York State law simply required those seeking a firearm license to take a basic firearm safety course. 


Although that safety course taught a person how to safely handle a firearm it fell short of teaching people when and under what circumstances they could legally use force.  The purpose of this course is to differentiate the different types of use of force and identify the circumstances under which such use may be justified, as specified in Article 35 of the NY Penal Law.

Use of Force lady-justice.jpg

The use of force is a critical and complex issue. It is essential for citizens to understand and apply the appropriate level of force in any given situation. This comprehensive course led by our expert and career instructors will delve into the principles, criminal and civil liabilities. 


This course will cover:


  • What is NYS Penal Law Article 35

  • Principles of Use of Force

  • Types of Force

  • Legal Definitions

  • Circumstances which force can be used

  • Case Law and how it applies to you

  • Criminal Liabilities

  • Civil Liabilities


 Ignorance of the law is no excuse.  The time to have this knowledge and understanding of the law is not after you’ve been involved in a critical incident.  Criminal liability is strict and you’ve worked too hard for everything you have, especially your freedom.


Join us for an unforgettable training experience.

Use of Force

Check out our availability and book the date and time that works for you

Training In purpose

2476 Elmwood Avenue

Kenmore, New York 14217


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